Substance Use Patterns among High-Risk American Indians/Alaska Natives in Los Angeles County

Publication Type:

Journal Article


American Journal on Addictions, Volume 21, Issue 5, p.445-452 (2012)



Accession Number:






Background: Substance abuse among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) is a significant and long-standing health problem in the U.S. Two-thirds of American AIs/ANs reside in the urban setting. However, studies analyzing substance use characteristics among urban AI/ANs are very limited. Methods:Substance use patterns among a sample of AI/ANs (n = 77) and other ethnic/racial groups in Los Angeles County at high risk of substance abuse were analyzed utilizing three datasets from programs targeting individuals at high risk for substance abuse and risky sexual behaviors. Results:Compared to all other ethnic/racial groups, AI/ANs demonstrated significantly younger age of onset of alcohol, marijuana, methamphetamine, and 'other' drug use, higher correlations of age of first use of amphetamine with a measure of the drug's reinforcement, and higher mean number of illicit drug injections in the 30 days before being interviewed. Conclusions:Results from this study highlight a critical need for furthering our understanding of substance abuse problems among urban AI/ANs.(Am J Addict 2012;00:1-8) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]Copyright of American Journal on Addictions is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)


Dickerson, Daniel L. 1,2 Fisher, Dennis G. 3 Reynolds, Grace L. 3 Baig, Safia 3 Napper, Lucy E. 3 Anglin, M. Douglas 2; Affiliation: 1: United American Indian Involvement, Inc. (UAII), Los Angeles, California 2: UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs (ISAP), Los Angeles, California 3: Center for Behavioral Research and Services, California State University, Long Beach, California; Source Info: Sep2012, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p445; Subject Term: SUBSTANCE abuse; Subject Term: INDIANS; Subject Term: ALASKA Natives; Subject Term: METHAMPHETAMINE; Subject Term: MARIJUANA; Subject Term: DRINKING of alcoholic beverages; Subject Term: RISK factors; Subject Term: LOS Angeles County (Calif.); Subject Term: CALIFORNIA; NAICS/Industry Codes: 722410 Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages); NAICS/Industry Codes: 111999 All other miscellaneous crop farming; Number of Pages: 8p; Document Type: Article