California State University
Northridge, California 91330
(presently CSU, Chico, CA 95929-0425 -- 1998)
(now at CSU, Long Beach, CA 90840-1101 -- 1999+)
Association of American Geographers, Portland, OR, 1987.
basis of presentation to "Feminist Geography" workshop at CSUC
1Christine M. Rodrigue, "An Evaluation of Ritual Sacrifice as an Explanation for Early Animal Domestications in the Near East" (Ph.D. dissertation, Clark University, 1986) and "A New Theory of Animal Domestication in the Near East," colloquium presentation, Department of Geography, UCLA, 1981.
2Works exemplifying each of these basic outlooks are, respectively: John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1970) and L.H. Morgan, Ancient Society (New York: World, 1963); Dorothy Dinnerstein, The Mermaid and the Minotaur, Kathleen Gough, "The Origin of the Family," in Rayna R. Reiter (ed.), Toward an Anthropology of Women (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975): 51-76, and Shulamith Firestone, The Dialectic of Sex (New York: Bantam, 1972); Henry Maine, Ancient Law (London: Murray, 1861); and Evelyn Reed, Woman's Evolution: From Matriarchal Clan to Patriarchal Family (New York: Pathfinder Press, 1975) and Elizabeth Gould Davis, The First Sex (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1971).
3Karl Marx, Grundrisse, trans. from German by Martin Nicolaus (New York: Random House, 1973).
4As an example, the long-standing history of war, raiding, and the torture of war prisoners shared by the Huron and Iroquois nations in part had to do with control of the trade in furs from the Algonquin groups to their north. Bruce C. Trigger, The Children of Aataentsic: A History of the Huron People to 1660 (Montreal and London: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1976) and C.E. Heidenreich, "The Huron: A Brief Ethnography," York University, Department of Geography, Discussion Paper 6 (1972). Antonio Gilman argues that narrowing of the mutual aid circles perceived as necessary to survival in a given environment may spark hostilities and wars, as groups in need find themselves denied the assistance they formerly obtained from a given group. "Explaining the Upper Palaeolithic evolution," in Matthew Spriggs (ed.) Marxist Approaches in Archaeology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983): 115-26.
5Trigger, op. cit.
6Robert M. Adams, "The Origin of Cities," In Hunters, Farmers, and Civilizations: Old World Archaeology, Readings from Scientific American (San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979): 170-77.
7This argument owes much to David Rindos, The Origins of Agriculture: An Evolutionary Perspective (Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1984).
8Paula Webster, "Matriarchy: A Vision of Power," Reiter (ed.), Toward an Anthropology of Women: 141-56.
The two maps shown during this talk display data and regionalizations drawn from Erika Bourguignon and Lenora S. Greenbaum, Diversity and Homogeneity in World Societies (New Haven, CN: Human Relations Area Files, 1973). Their work is a computerized coding of George Peter Murdock's Ethnographic Atlas (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1967).