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In the late eighteenth century, European women adapted items of dress from the Ottoman Empire as part of elaborate costumes. At masquerade balls, women of fashion tied scarves into their hair to create a turban effect, which they referred to as dressing "à la turque." This headdress was then decorated with pearls or other precious stones, flowers, or feathers; these expensive details could indicate the wearer's wealth and social standing. The elaborateness of the shapes varied over the second half of the eighteenth century becoming more casual and less turban-like through the 1770s and 80s, returning to a more formal turban shape in the 1790s.