Skip to Local Navigation
Skip to Content
California State University, Long Beach
Women's and Gender Equity Center
Print this pageAdd this page to your favoritesSelect a small fontSelect a medium fontSelect a large font

Sexual Assault Information

  • Were you or someone you know sexually assaulted?
  • What are your next steps?
  • Learn how survivors move forward.

What is Sexual Assault?

Sexual assault* is unwanted, non-consensual sexual contact including ... touching, penetration by a person or object either vaginally or anally, and oral sex. It also includes forced touching of another’s body.

Rape is a specific form of sexual assault that includes sexual intercourse without consent.

Date/Acquaintance Rape is still rape. It is non-consensual sexual activity between people who know one another on some level, and where consent for sexual activity was not given, or was given under duress.

Date Rape Drugs such as alcohol, Ketamine, GHB, and Rophynol are sometimes used to keep a person from resisting, or even to render the victim unconscious. Alcohol, however, is the #1 date rape drug.

Consent is when a person says yes or freely, and actively participates in the sexual act. Consent is mutual agreement. Consent cannot be assumed, cannot be given under pressure, out of fear, or when you are not fully aware of what is going on - like when a person has had too much to drink or has used other drugs.

Silence is not consent.

* Sexual Assault is violence. It is not about sex; it’s about using sex to have power and control over another person.

What do survivors need to hear?

  • It’s not your fault!
  • It's not what you wore!
  • It’s not what you said!
  • It’s not what you drank!
  • The perpetrator chose to commit this crime!

What can survivors do?

Get Medical Care After an Assault

Be examined for physical injury and possible Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). The examination also provides an opportunity to discuss options for available counseling and for pregnancy prevention.

Two important things:

  • Don’t shower or bathe before the physical exam.
  • Place clothing worn during the assault in a paper bag - to be used for evidence in case you ever decide to take legal action.

Medical evidence that supports a case is best collected within 72 hours of an assault.

Call someone—a friend or family member and/or …

Call one of the numbers on this brochure and ask for a sexual assault counselor or a rape survivor advocate to talk to, or be with you at the hospital and walk through things with you—for support and to be sure you are treated well.

FYI, the hospital or attending physician is required by law to notify the police, but the survivor decides whether to talk with the police or to press charges.

You do have the option to only report the incident for police or public records without pressing charges.

How does sexual assault affect survivors?

Since every person and situation is different, survivors of sexual assault will respond in various ways. There is no right or wrong way to react. Some survivors recover relatively quickly, while others feel the effect of their victimization longer.

Emotional / Psychological / Physiological Effects

There are many emotional, psychological and physiological effects survivors may experience, such as headaches, vomiting, shock, denial, anger, shame, self-blame, fear, anxiety, depression, loss of self-esteem, loss of trust in others, sleep disturbances, panic attacks, eating difficulties, hyper-vigilance, and isolation.

How to Support a Friend

  • Listen without interrupting.
  • Validate your friend’s experiences or reactions.
  • Remind your friend that she/he is not at fault—the assailant made the decision to commit this crime.
  • Encourage your friend to seek medical attention and/or counseling
  • Respect your friend’s decisions.

On-Campus Organizations

Off-Campus Resources - 24-hour hotlines

  • Long Beach YWCA GLA Sexual Assault Crisis Services: (877) 943-5778
  • Sexual Assault Victim Services Orange County: (949) 831-9119 and (714) 957-2737
  • East LA Rape and Battery Hotline: (800) 585-6231
  • Interval House Domestic Violence Crisis Shelter & Service: (562)-594-9492
  • Long Beach Police Department: 9-1-1
  • RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network): 1 (800) 656-HOPE

Presented in conjunction with Project SAFE, a campus response toward eliminating violence.

(Content provided by the Health Resource Center, Student Health Services.)