Skip to Local Navigation
Skip to Content
California State University, Long Beach
Disabled Student Services
Print this pageAdd this page to your favoritesSelect a small fontSelect a medium fontSelect a large font

Alternative Instructional Material Policy


Instructional Material

Instructional material is defined in this policy as “textbooks and other resource materials written and published primarily for use by students in postsecondary instruction that are required or essential to a student’s success in a course of study in which a student with a disability is enrolled” (AB422).

Alternative Instructional Materials

Alternative instructional material formats are defined in this policy as those print materials that are reformated in a specialized format (e-text, large print, audio, or Braille) that is exclusively for use by people with disabilities (e.g., blind, low vision, mobility, dexterity, and / or cognitive limitations) (AB422).

Printed Instructional Materials

Printed instructional materials are instructional materials in book or other printed formats (e.g., PDF, Power Point slides, syllabus, hand-outs) that are required or essential to a student's success in a course of study in which a student with a disability is enrolled (AB422).

Non-printed Instructional Materials

Non-printed instructional materials are those materials in formats other than print, such as software programs, video disks, video tapes, and audio tapes (AB422) and would also include video DVD's and audio recordings.


An electronic file (E-text) is copyrighted and may not be reproduced or distributed in a format other than a specialized format exclusively reproduced for use by students with a documented disability that prohibits the person's use of instructional materials in standard print formats. Any reproduction or distribution in a format other than a specialized format is an infringement of the copyright law. Misuse of the specialized format will result in disciplinary action by the University Judicial Officer.

Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility for alternative instructional material is based on the professional documentation provided by the student that verifies the student has a print disability limitation which inhibits the functional use of standard instructional materials in a print format.

Regulations for Processing an Alternative Instructional Material Request

The CSU Long Beach Disabled Student Services’ (DSS) Alternative Instructional Materials Project incorporates only those policies and procedures which Copyright Law of the United States, California Law AB 422, and California Educational Code Section 67302 clearly intends the Project to operate within both the spirit and letter of the law blended with the criteria for Fair Use.

Faculty members have the responsibility of knowing the law on copyright.

The Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproduction of copyrighted materials. Title 17 USC Section 107 establishes the principle, commonly called "Fair Use," that the reproduction of copyrighted works for certain limited, educational purposes does not constitute copyright infringement.

Four factors are considered in the determination of Fair Use.

  1. the purpose and character of the use including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole;
  4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
Local guidelines are outlined in the CSULB Statement on the Doctrine of Fair Use under the Copyright Act of 1976. (


Questions regarding alternative instructional material format should be addressed directly to Sonia Acosta, High Tech Center Alternative Media Specialist at (562) 985-5605, or Velma Martin, H T C Coordinator, at (562) 985-8712, in L A 5-173.