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California State University, Long Beach
Department of Criminal Justice

Academic Integrity and Dishonesty


n addition to academic performance, students are expected to demonstrate the qualities of honesty and integrity.  It is the policy of the faculty and administration at CSULB to deal effectively with students who cheat or plagiarize. These acts of academic dishonesty are fundamentally destructive of the process of education and the confident evaluation of a student's mastery over a subject. Accordingly, all submissions by students are expected to be the original work product of the submitting student.  Material that violates this requirement in any way, or that constitutes any form of dishonesty, cheating, fabrication, the facilitation of academic dishonesty, and/or plagiarism, may result in the student receiving a failing grade in the course and in appropriate disciplinary action being initiated.


Cheating is defined as the act of obtaining, attempting to obtain, or aiding another to obtain academic credit for work by the use of any dishonest, deceptive, or fraudulent means.

Examples of cheating during an examination would include, but not be limited to the following:

  • copying, either in part or in wholes, from another test or examination;

  • discussion of answers or ideas relating to the answers on an examination or test unless such discussion is specifically authorized by the instructor;

  • giving or receiving copies of an exam without the permission of the instructor;

  • using or displaying notes, "cheat sheets," or other information or devices inappropriate to the prescribed test conditions, as when the test of competence includes a test of unassisted recall of information, skill, or procedure;

  • allowing someone other than the officially enrolled student to represent that student;

  • altering or interfering with the grading procedures; and

  • plagiarizing in any way (defined in more detail below).

It is often appropriate for students to study together or to work in teams on projects. However, such students should be careful to avoid use of unauthorized assistance, and to avoid any implication of cheating, by such means as sitting apart from one another in examinations, presenting the work in a manner which clearly indicates the effort of each individual, or such other method as is appropriate to the particular course.

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism is defined as the act of using the ideas or work of another person or persons as if they were one's own , without giving credit to the source.

Some students truly do not understand what plagiarism is, and therefore plagiarize unwittingly or unintentionally. But ignorance is not an excuse for unethical academic conduct. Accordingly, here are rules to avoid any problems with plagiarism. Of course, these rules apply regardless of the citation form or style you may be using.

  • Direct Quotations – Whenever you directly quote someone else, you must provide a citation to the source of the material from which you are quoting. Moreover, you must put the material in quotation marks or otherwise set it off in an indented quote so the reader knows what words are yours and what words are quoted. It is unacceptable to use the words of others and only partially quote the original source. This is true even if you provide citation to the source both in text and in your references section!

  • Paraphrasing/Indirect Quotations – Whenever you indirectly quote someone else (i.e., you paraphrase the work of another), you must provide a citation to the source of the material from which you are paraphrasing. Simply changing the structure of a sentence, or a few words in a sentence so that the sentence you write is not an exact quote from the original source does not mean a citation is not needed. This is because the idea you are expressing is not your own, but rather someone else's.

  • Using Other's Ideas – Even if you compose an entire paragraph of writing in your own words (i.e., neither quoted nor paraphrased), if the idea you are expressing in that paragraph is not your own, original idea, you must provide a citation to the source from which you obtained this idea.

  • Collaborative Work – If you collaborate on any work with someone else and fail to acknowledge that collaboration, you are guilty of plagiarism. If you have received permission from you professor to collaborate on some assignment, be sure that all of the contributor's names appear on the submission.

  • Altering or Revising Another's Work – If you alter or revise the work done by someone and submit that work as your own, you have plagiarized. Similarly, if you allow someone else to alter or revise work that you have done and then allow that person to submit it as his or her own work, you are both guilty of plagiarism. Work that is not entirely your own must be credited by citation, both in text and in your references page.

  • Altering or Revising Your Own Prior Work – You should also be aware that altering or revising your own work that was prepared for another class or another professor, and not bringing it to the attention of the professor to whom you are submitting the revised work is also academic dishonesty.  If, for example, you have two classes that require a term paper, and you can write one paper that meets the requirements of both classes, you may not submit that paper to both professors unless you get permission to do so in advance from both professors.  Similarly, if you wrote a paper several semesters ago that can be revised and submitted in satisfaction of a paper requirement for a course in which you are currently enrolled, doing so is academic dishonesty unless you get the advanced permission of your professor to do so.  The reason this is dishonest is that it is not an original work prepared in satisfaction for the requirements on the course you are currently taking.

To insure compliance with academic integrity policies, written submissions will be submitted to Submission of any writing assignment to an instructor teaching a criminal justice course constitutes consent by the student for the instructor to upload the paper to this anti-plagiarism database.

School Policy for Consistent Enforcement of Academic Dishonesty Violations


If a faculty member (including lecturers and teaching assistants) in the School of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Emergency Management determines that a student has engaged in an act of academic dishonesty, it is the position of the School of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Emergency Management that some meaningful form of disciplinary action must be taken. The lighter sanctions provided for in Section 6.1(a) through (ac) of CSULB Policy Statement # 08-02 are insufficient for use in the School of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Emergency Management because the justice professions call for practitioners who evidence high moral standards and impeccable professional ethics. Accordingly, breaches of academic integrity shall be handled as follows:

1. Unintentional Violations.  If the faculty member is convinced that the lapse in academic integrity was not intentional (e.g., the student did not truly understand that s/he had plagiarized), then s/he may assign a grade of "zero" or "failing" to the particular work, thereby resulting in the proportional reduction of final course grade, but otherwise permitting the student to remain enrolled in the course and work toward earning a passing grade.  Alternatively, the instructor may assign a failing final grade in the course to the offending student without referring the case to the Office of Judicial Affairs for disciplinary action against the offending student.

2. Intentional Violations.  If the violation seems intentional, then the faculty member must take the following courses of action (a) assign a failing final grade in the course to the offending student; and (b) refer the case to the Office of Judicial Affairs for probation or suspension.


3. Repeat Offenders. If it is discovered that a student has a formal record of academic dishonesty either on-file in the School's office or with the Office of Judicial Affairs, then the faculty member shall (a) assign a failing final grade in the course to the offending student; and (b) refer the case to the Office of Judicial Affairs with a strong recommendation for expulsion.