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Student Health Servcies, Cal State Long Beach Meningitis


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Student Health
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WHEN: October 22, 2003 10:00 AM to 2:30 PM
WHERE: University Student Union, Ball Rooms
COST: $90 (Meningitis), $20 (Flu) Cash/Check/Visa/MC

WHEN: Monday September 8 - Thursday September 11, 11:00 AM to 2:30 PM
COST: $90 Cash/Check/Visa/MC

Professional Services Provided by
MAXIM Health Systems

  • APPOINTMENTS: 562-985-1638


How can I get the Meningitis Vaccine?

bullet The vaccine may also be available at little or no cost from your physician, or HMO.  Public health departments also have the vaccine available, generally $90 with office visit charges.
bullet Available at Student Health Services by arrangement, phone us.

What is Meningitis?

Meningoccal Meningitis (Meningitis) is an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.  Meningitis is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides, a leading cause of meningitis and septicemia (or blood poisoning) in the United States. The disease strikes about 2,600 Americans each year.

 How is Meningitis disease spread?

Meningococcal disease is transmitted through the air via droplets of respiratory secretions and direct contact with an infected person.  Direct contact is defined as oral contact with shared items such as cigarettes or drinking glasses or through intimate contact such as kissing.

Meningococcal bacteria cannot usually live for more than a few minutes outside the body.  They are not usually transmitted in water supplies, swimming pools, or by routine contact in classrooms, dining rooms, restrooms, etc., where an infected individual has been.  Roommates, friends, spouses, and children who are not directly exposed to an ill meningitis victim are not at risk.

What are the Symptoms?

The early symptoms usually associated with meningococcal disease include:

bullet Fever (greater than 101 degrees)
bullet Sudden and severe headache
bullet Neck and back stiffness
bullet Rash (1-2 mm appearing as tiny red, purple-black spots, or larger resembling bruises in areas such as armpits, groin and ankles).
bullet Nausea
bullet Lethargy
bullet Vomiting

 Who is at Risk?

Although anyone can come in contact with the bacteria that causes  meningococcal disease, persons who have had intimate or direct exposure to a meningococcal meningitis patient within seven days are at risk for contracting  meningococcal meningitis and should seek medical care immediately.
 Certain social behaviors, such as exposure to passive and active smoking, bar patronage and excessive alcohol consumption, may put individuals at increased risk for the disease.  Two studies have identified a slightly higher risk among freshman dormitory residents.   Patients with medical conditions that compromise immunity (e.g., HIV, absent spleen, antibody deficiency), and travelers to areas of the world with endemic meningococcal disease are also at increased risk.

 Is There a Vaccine to Prevent Meningococcal (Pre-Exposure)

Presently, there is a vaccine that will provide protection against approximately four strains of meningococcal meningitis – groups A, C, Y, and W-135.  It does not cover meningococcal meningitis group B.  A single dose vaccination produces protective antibody levels within 7-10 days.  It is very safe and adverse reactions are mild and infrequent, consisting primarily of redness at the site of injection, lasting 1-2 days.  (Seroconversion rates:  A 72%-99%, C 58%-99%, Y 90%-99%, W-135 82%-89%).

The duration of the meningococcal vaccine’s efficacy is approximately three to five years.

What are the Risks and Possible Side Effects?

Adverse reactions to meningococcal vaccine are mild and infrequent, consisting of localized swelling and redness lasting 1-2 days.  Other side effects reported include:  headache, malaise, fever and chills.

Additional Information

For additional information during business hours, please call (562) 985-4771 to speak with a CSULB Student Health Services staff member.  Some sites with information on meningococcal disease are: 

bullet American College Health Association – includes news releases, overview, and FAQs. 
bullet "CDC Meningococcal Vaccine Information Statement(PDF)" – from the Centers for Disease Control. 
bullet "Meningococcal Disease among College Students" – U.S. Centers for Disease Control 10/20/99 statement from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). 

NOTE:  Student Health Services information on this web site is designed to give you general health information and education. They should NOT be relied upon for personal diagnosis or treatment. Only your health care provider is qualified to give you a medical opinion.  If you have concerns about your health, talk to your doctor or nurse practitioner at Student Health Services, or contact your private health care provider.


NEW IN RESIDENCE HALLS?  Meningitis Immunization information will be provided to you by Housing & Residential Life


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Student Health Services  1250 Bellflower Blvd Long Beach, CA 90840-0201
Page last updated 08/25/2003
Student Health Services Webmaster: Huy Nguyen